When growing either winter or spring wheat, best management practices (BMPs) are critical to yield performance. Both winter and spring wheat require similar BMPs, with the main differences residing in planting and harvesting times. Wheat variety choices are dependent upon winter and spring wheat planting times. Always plant certified, disease-free seed.
Winter wheat is planted in September and harvested the following summer, typically late June and July, depending upon geography and environmental conditions. Approximately 70 to 80 percent of wheat grown in the United States is winter wheat. It’s grown primarily in the Midwest and Central Great Plains states, as well as the Pacific Northwest. Climate and best wheat yield potential are the driving factors for winter wheat production.
Spring wheat is the choice for growers farther north because of the severe, cold climate in these regions. In fact, 99 percent of U.S. spring wheat is grown in the Dakotas, Montana, Minnesota, Washington state and Idaho. Spring wheat is grown in a single year, with planting occurring in spring and harvesting in the fall.