Don’t Suffer Yield Loss from Septoria Brown Spot, Frogeye Leaf Spot
If you grow soybeans, limiting common soybean diseases like Septoria brown spot and frogeye leaf spot is always on your list of tasks to complete. Now growers have another way to limit yield losses through effective crop protection programs. But before you can solve the issue, growers need to understand how to assess their risk, recognize the contributing factors and know how to resolve issues efficiently to limit yield loss and plant damage.
Be Aware of Your Risk
The lifecycle of Septoria brown spot and frogeye leaf spot begin when it overwinters in leaf and stem debris, crop residue and infected seed. The microscopic spores produced on living tissues or dead plants are released during wet weather. Wind and rainfall disperse the spores onto healthy plants and infection begins.
Brown spot affects plants a little later in the growth cycle, around the R3-R6 periods. Favorable warm, wet weather conditions – 59 to 86 degrees F with 77 degrees optimum – enhances infection and development of disease symptoms.
For frogeye leaf spot, leaf lesions will begin to appear around R2. Spread of the disease is common under similar conditions that foster brown spot infection. Risk will also be raised if minimum tillage is used consistently or soybeans are not rotated often enough.
Identification is Key
Brown spot thrives during cooler, wet conditions. If left unchecked, it can damage plant leaves and stunt pod fill. Signs include:
- Brown or black spots on plant leaves that are angled or include a yellow ring or halo around spots.
- Late-season infections force leaves to turn yellow and defoliate from plants prematurely.
Septoria brown spot, or brown spot, usually starts on the lower section of the soybean plant, moving up through the tissues under favorable conditions. Photo courtesy of Daren Mueller, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org.
Frogeye leaf spot is a serious disease annually affecting soybean growers. According to Loren Giesler, Extension Plant Pathologist at University of Nebraska, yield loss estimates due to frogeye leaf spot have been reported as high as 30 percent nationally with extensive leaf blighting. Symptoms to identify are:
- Brown, grey or tan spots with dark brown or purple borders.
- A layered appearance when leaves are young.
- Under severe disease pressure, lesions may combine and cause leaf drop.
- Stems with dark red to brown spots.
Circular to angular spots on leaves, which resemble the eyes of frogs, begin as dark, water-soaked spots and develop into brown spots.
Protect your Soybean Fields
Timely foliar fungicide applications help protect soybean plants from fungal diseases such as Septoria brown spot and frogeye leaf spot through the season. For growers, a fungicide decision is a matter of considering production needs, past history in the fields, commodity prices, proper timing and risk management.
Bayer offers Stratego® YLD, a fungicide featuring the latest in triazole technology combined with strobilurin chemistry for soybeans. Offering two modes of action, it provides both preventive and curative benefits and systemic movement to provide broad-spectrum, long-lasting disease control and higher yield potential. Trials show that when applied at early pod set, around growth stage R3, Stratego YLD can deliver an average yield increase of 3 to 4 bushels per acre over untreated soybean fields.
For added protection from insects, growers can also tankmix Stratego YLD fungicide with a powerful insecticide like Leverage® 360. Applications like this can help lower costs, improve yields and increase ROI by reducing the number of passes needed to ensure crop protection. In trial tests, 90 percent of growers that applied Stratego YLD tankmixed with Leverage 360 at R3 saw a positive yield response, increasing yields nearly 5 bu/A.
To limit yield loss in soybeans from other common issues, you might be interested in reading: